Differential pressure measurement is trusted as a method for monitoring the level of closed vessels. In many cases, operators use individual instruments with an output signal or on-site display. On the other hand, a more precise and fault-immune solution may be the measuring arrangement developed by WIKA using two process transmitters in a primary-secondary relationship.
Each level monitoring application using differential pressure measurement is based on the following principle: For the amount of the contents in the vessel, the differential pressure between your liquid and the gaseous phase is set. Furthermore, the hydrostatic pressure, the specific density of the medium and the vessel geometry are included in the calculation. Typical measuring instruments have two adjacent process connections for the pressures P1 and P2. For level measurement, a capillary must bridge the pronounced distance between your two measuring points.
Measurement with two process transmitters as Primary instrument (right) and Secondary instrument. This measuring arrangement for level monitoring can be used flexibly, e.g. for home elevators the mixing ratio of liquids.
pressure gauge via signal cable
When monitoring the particular level using electronic differential pressure measurement, alternatively, both measuring points have one process transmitter each. For example, the WIKA models CPT-2x and IPT-2x are suitable for this. The two transmitters are arranged as Primary instrument and Secondary instrument. They are connected, purely electrically, via a signal cable and so are therefore not susceptible to disturbances. THE PRINCIPAL instrument supplies the Secondary instrument with power. The Secondary instrument is parameterised via a serial interface or through the display on the Primary instrument. Finally, communication takes place via an internal bus.
Level monitoring in a closed tank
The figure on the left shows a typical application example for level monitoring with electronic differential pressure measurement on a liquid tank. The Secondary instrument measures the pressure P1, in cases like this the gas pressure, and transmits it to the principal instrument. This detects the pressure P2, here the pressure in the liquid column in the bottom of the tank. THE PRINCIPAL instrument calculates the differential pressure from P1 and P2. Utilizing the measured value and taking into account the other parameters mentioned, it determines the quantity in the tank as an indication of the level. This value could be output either as an analogue or digital signal to the control room and/or to the display of the principal instrument.
Advantages of the measuring arrangement with two process transmitters
The method for level monitoring described here has several advantages when compared to a conventional method, for example, with a differential pressure transmitter:
Higher accuracy and ?turndown?
Process transmitters deliver higher degrees of accuracy. Regarding the WIKA models, these are around 0.05 % of the set span. Furthermore, there is the chance of ?turndown?, the average person setting of a specific measuring span (that is also possible retrospectively with instruments that are already installed.)
Minimised temperature effect
Transmission via signal cable with electronic differential pressure measurement minimises the temperature effect. In contrast, the capillaries found in the traditional measuring method are much more susceptible here. diaphragm seal , subsequently, can ultimately affect the measuring result.
The electronic measuring arrangement could be commissioned faster. Contrary to a solution with capillaries, it generally does not require any test run.
Reduced maintenance effort
The maintenance effort is leaner: In case of a fault, only the procedure transmitter concerned should be replaced. On the other hand, with measuring differential pressure with capillaries, the complete measuring arrangement must be replaced.
Further information on the model CPT-2x and IPT-2x process transmitters, which are suitable for electronic differential pressure measurement for level monitoring, can be acquired on the WIKA website.